Viscous Open Data: The Roles of Intermediaries in an Open Data Ecosystem

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Title of the PDF document Viscous Open Data: The Roles of Intermediaries in an Open Data Ecosystem
Author François van Schalkwyk, Michelle Willmers, Maurice McNaughton
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Publisher Taylor & Francis
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URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02681102.2015.1081868, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02681102.2015.1081868?needAccess=true#aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cudGFuZGZvbmxpbmUuY29tL2RvaS9wZGYvMTAuMTA4MC8wMjY4MTEwMi4yMDE1LjEwODE4Njg/bmVlZEFjY2Vzcz10cnVlQEBAMA==
Website or blog on which published Taylor & Francis Online
Description of the resource Drawing on research conducted by the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project, and using an ecosystems approach, this research paper considers the supply, demand and use of open data as well as the roles of intermediaries in the governance of South African public higher education. It shows that government's higher education database is a closed and isolated data source in the data ecosystem; and that the open data that are made available by government is inaccessible and rarely used. In contrast, government data made available by data intermediaries in the ecosystem are being used by key stakeholders. Intermediaries are found to play several important roles in the ecosystem: (i) they increase the accessibility and utility of data; (ii) they may assume the role of a “keystone species” in a data ecosystem; and (iii) they have the potential to democratize the impacts and use of open data. The article concludes that despite poor data provision by government, the public university governance open data ecosystem has evolved because intermediaries in the ecosystem have reduced the viscosity of government data. Further increasing the fluidity of government open data will improve access and ensure the sustainability of open data supply in the ecosystem.
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If the source of the description was online, insert the source here "Viscous Open Data: The Roles of Intermediaries in an Open Data Ecosystem" Taylor & Francis Online, October 8, 2015, accessed August 6, 2018, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02681102.2015.1081868
Relevant century CE or BCE 21 CE
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Relevant geographic areas South Africa
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Relevant terms and phrases research, emerge, impact, open data, Open Data, developing country, country, project, ecosystem, approach, research paper, supply, demand, use, intermediary, public, education, higher education, government, database, closed, isolate, data, source, in-, accessible, inaccessible, key, stakeholder, role, accessibility, utility, keystone species, data ecosystem, potential, democratize, provision, public university, university, governance, open data ecosystem, evolve, viscosity, government data, flueidity, access, sustainable, sustainability
Relevant individuals François van Schalkwyk, Michelle Willmers, Maurice McNaughton
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Relevant periodicals, newsletters, journals, and similar publications Information Technology for Development
Relevant databases and repositories
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Relevant projects and activities Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries, Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries
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François van Schalkwyk +, Michelle Willmers +  and Maurice McNaughton +
François van Schalkwyk +, Michelle Willmers +  and Maurice McNaughton +
Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries +  and Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries +
research +, emerge +, impact +, open data +, Open Data +, developing country +, country +, project +, ecosystem +, approach +, research paper +, supply +, demand +, use +, intermediary +, public +, education +, higher education +, government +, database +, closed +, isolate +, data +, source +, in- +, accessible +, inaccessible +, key +, stakeholder +, role +, accessibility +, utility +, keystone species +, data ecosystem +, potential +, democratize +, provision +, public university +, university +, governance +, open data ecosystem +, evolve +, viscosity +, government data +, flueidity +, access +, sustainable +  and sustainability +
Drawing on research conducted by the EmergDrawing on research conducted by the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project, and using an ecosystems approach, this research paper considers the supply, demand and use of open data as well as the roles of intermediaries in the governance of South African public higher education. It shows that government's higher education database is a closed and isolated data source in the data ecosystem; and that the open data that are made available by government is inaccessible and rarely used. In contrast, government data made available by data intermediaries in the ecosystem are being used by key stakeholders. Intermediaries are found to play several important roles in the ecosystem: (i) they increase the accessibility and utility of data; (ii) they may assume the role of a “keystone species” in a data ecosystem; and (iii) they have the potential to democratize the impacts and use of open data. The article concludes that despite poor data provision by government, the public university governance open data ecosystem has evolved because intermediaries in the ecosystem have reduced the viscosity of government data. Further increasing the fluidity of government open data will improve access and ensure the sustainability of open data supply in the ecosystem.lity of open data supply in the ecosystem. +
South Africa +
Taylor & Francis +
"Viscous Open Data: The Roles of Intermediaries in an Open Data Ecosystem" Taylor & Francis Online, October 8, 2015, accessed August 6, 2018, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02681102.2015.1081868 +
Viscous Open Data: The Roles of Intermediaries in an Open Data Ecosystem +
Taylor & Francis Online +